Category Archives: wikihow

wikihow – best schools online

How to Get a Baby to Sleep

Get a Baby to Sleep Step 1 Version 3.jpg

Babies usually get around 16 or 17 hours of sleep a day. [1] Much of this sleep happens in short stretches. This can be difficult for parents who are desperate to get their babies to sleep. Getting a little one to sleep depends on making the baby comfortable, having a welcoming sleep environment, and establishing good sleep habits.

EditSteps

EditMaking the Baby Comfortable

  1. Change the baby’s diaper. A baby may have a hard time getting to sleep if he/she has a wet or soiled diaper. Once he’s/she’s got a dry diaper on, he’ll/she’ll feel cozier and will be able to sleep better.
  2. Feed the baby. Give the baby one more feeding to tank up his/her tummy before he/she goes to sleep. Don’t feed him/her too much though. If he’s/she’s eaten too much, he/she might be uncomfortable and have a harder time getting to sleep.
  3. Give the baby a massage. Relax your baby by rubbing his/her body. Sit with the baby on the floor. Place him/her on his/her tummy and gently rub his/her feet, legs, back, arms and head. Then place him/her on his/her back and rub her chest, tummy and the fronts of his/her legs and arms. [2]
    • Sing or talk softly with your baby while you give him/her a massage.
    • Use a fragrance-free baby oil if you want.
    • Wait about 45 minutes after feeding your baby before giving a massage. You might upset his/her stomach with any pressure on her body.[3]
  4. Soothe any teething pain. Oftentimes babies have trouble sleeping when they have new teeth coming in. If you suspect that your baby is getting a new tooth, give him/her a teething ring to gnaw on before bed.[4]
    • If the teething pain is bad, give him/her a dose of Infant Tylenol. Be sure to follow the dosing instructions on the bottle.
  5. Dress the baby in comfortable clothing. If the baby’s pajamas are itchy or otherwise uncomfortable, he/she might not be able to relax enough to sleep well. Make sure your baby is wearing something cozy and comfortable. An outfit made of 100% cotton is a good choice.[5]
  6. Check for rashes. Babies are often troubled by a diaper rash or a heat rash. Check his/her diaper area to make sure he/she does not have any uncomfortable red areas. Check under his/her clothes for a heat rash. If he’s/she’s dressed too warmly, he/she can get red, blotchy skin, which can be uncomfortable.
  7. Make sure the baby’s not sick. When the baby has a cold or stomach flu, he/she may not sleep well. Soothe him/her with Infant Tylenol or a cool washcloth if he’s/she’s feverish or achy. Spend extra time cuddling and rocking the baby.

EditChanging the Environment

  1. Turn the lights off. Keeping the lights on in the baby’s room may keep him/her awake. When it’s dark, the brain begins releasing melatonin, which triggers sleep. Keep the lights off at night, which will help the baby recognize when it’s time to sleep. [6]
    • Dim the lights around the house when bedtime approaches. This will help the baby get ready to sleep by recognizing that the light is starting to fade.
    • If you need a nightlight in the room, use one that gives off bluish light, instead of yellow or white light. The bluish light will be less stimulating for the brain.
  2. Check the room temperature. The baby’s room should be around 70 degrees. This will be the most comfortable for the baby. Cover the baby with a light blanket and he/she should be warm enough.
  3. Move the baby to a different room. If the baby shares a room with an older sibling, it might be too stimulating to sleep. If the baby sleeps in the parent’s room, and someone goes in and out of the room a lot, this can disrupt the baby’s sleep. Move the baby to a different, quieter room.
  4. Turn on soothing music. Calming lullaby music can soothe the baby and lull him/her to sleep. Nature sounds, such as rain or ocean sounds, are also calming. Play the music at a low volume.
    • Singing lullabies to the baby will also work.[7]
    • White noise can also help calm the baby. White noise machines can be purchased at major retailers. You can also use a fan or air filter for white noise. Just be sure to point the fan away from the baby.
  5. Try making the room quiet. While some babies respond to music, others need silence to sleep. Turn off music and eliminate other noises. Close the door to the baby’s room. This will help control sound traveling into the baby’s room.

EditUsing Movement to Put Baby to Sleep

  1. Rock the baby to sleep. Motion will lull most babies to sleep. They will also respond to your snuggling and will feel safe and loved. Hold the baby in your arms and sway back and forth. Try different patterns of rocking: up and down, side to side, and so on.[8]
    • Try sitting in a rocking chair while rocking the baby.
    • Some sources caution against rocking your baby to sleep after 4-6 months. The baby may grow dependent on you to put them to sleep. This decision is up to you.[9]
  2. Wear the baby. Put the baby in a sling or baby carrier. When the baby is close to your body’s warmth, listening to your heart beat, he/she will relax and start to drift off. This is especially helpful if you are trying to get the baby to take a nap during the day. Using a carrier or sling allows you to move around the house or go for a walk while the baby sleeps. [10]
  3. Try a baby swing. A baby swing is a handy piece of equipment with a motor to rock the baby automatically. Place the baby in the swing and tuck him/her in with a cozy blanket. Switch on the swing and watch his/her eyelids start to droop.
    • Some babies do not fall asleep in a swing. Instead, they are more stimulated by the movement and will keep their eyes open to watch the world move around them.
  4. Take a stroll. For some babies, getting out in the fresh air can make them tired. Put your baby in a stroller and go for a walk. The combination of the stroller’s movement and the fresh air might make him/her fall asleep.
  5. Go for a car ride. Some babies fall asleep easily when riding in a car. The movement of the car is just enough to make them drowsy, while the “white noise” of the engine also soothes them. Bundle your baby in comfortable clothes and tuck him/her into his/her car seat with a cozy blanket.

EditMaking a Bedtime Routine

  1. Have a consistent bedtime. Putting the baby to bed at the same time every night will help his/her body expect to sleep at a certain time. Aim for putting the baby to bed between 6 p.m. and 8 p.m. every night.
  2. Play quiet games before bed. Help your baby wind down in the evening by playing quiet games. Keep activity and noise for the daytime. Play your baby’s favorite game right before bedtime so he/she knows he’ll/she’ll do something fun right before bedtime. [11]
  3. Give the baby a bath. A warm bath can be a relaxing way to wind down. Let the baby splash around in the tub for a little while and then dress him/her in cozy clothes for sleeping.
  4. Read a book to your baby. Cuddle up with your baby and read a book to him/her in a calm, quiet voice. Even if he/she is too little to understand it, he/she will respond well to your closeness and relax with the sound of your voice.
  5. Try to have the same bedtime routine every night. Consistency is key with babies. Aim to have the same bedtime routine every night. For instance, try giving the baby a bath, then playing a few games, then reading a book and then turning off the light. [12]

EditEstablishing Good Sleep Habits

  1. Feed the baby lots during the day. Keep the baby’s tummy full during the day. Babies often get distracted by play that they forget they’re hungry. When nighttime comes, they realize they are hungry and need to eat more frequently throughout the night. Give the baby full feedings throughout the day so her tummy will remain full at night. [13]
  2. Keep a regular nap schedule. Babies should start having a regular nap schedule starting around 2-4 months of age. Babies take at least 2-3 naps per day, depending on age. A baby will not sleep better if he/she skips a nap during the day. Instead, he/she will sleep worse because the brain will release cortisol, a hormone that responds to stress. This will make him/her sleep more fitfully. [14] Make a consistent nap routine to ensure that sleep comes more easily at night.
  3. Keep noisy activities for the daytime. Promote good sleep habits by doing noisy activities during the day and quiet activities at night. Your baby will be stimulated during the day, but will learn to calm down at night. He/she won’t expect to play and be entertained at night.
  4. Put the baby to bed when he/she is drowsy. Try laying down the baby when he’s/she’s drowsy but not fully asleep. He/she will start learning how to fall asleep on his/her own instead of relying on you to help him/her. [15]

EditVideo

EditWarnings

  • Always place your baby on his/her back to sleep. It is considered safer than having the baby sleep on her side or front, which may make breathing more difficult (unless the doctor recommends you to do so, according to the baby’s health). Back sleeping is thought to help prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).[16]

EditRelated wikiHows

<a

read more

How to Make Money Easily (for Kids)

Just because you’re a kid doesn’t mean that you don’t need money. But depending on your age and work experience it may be hard to find ways to make some easy money. Luckily, there are plenty of opportunities for kids to make some money, such as doing housework to earn an allowance, babysitting, mowing lawns, finding a part-time job, or even becoming an entrepreneur of sorts, you can also set up a lemonade stand which you earn loads of money from stranger on the street instead of asking

read more

How to Be Concise

Be Concise Step 1.jpg

In this age of information overload, being concise is a valuable skill. Whether you’re speaking at a meeting, giving a presentation, or writing an article, you need to be heard and understood quickly before you lose your audience’s attention [1] How can you convey your main points without overwhelming your audience with irrelevant information? Plan carefully and edit yourself in order to get to the point as quickly as possible without losing important details.

EditSteps

EditSpeaking Concisely

  1. Plan before you speak. Choose what you want to say before you say it. This will help you convey the most important points without beating around the bush. If you are giving a speech, write out a script and stick to it. If you are speaking off the cuff, take a brief moment to plan out the most important parts of what you want to say.
    • Think about how you would say something if you only have a few minutes. What do you need to include? What can you leave out?
    • For example, if you are giving a project update in a meeting, you probably don’t need to discuss all of the steps you took to work on something. Instead, talk about the results that you’ve achieved on the project so far.
  2. Know your audience. It’s important to know who is listening to you speak. This will help you determine how much explanation you need to give, or how you can cut corners.
    • For example, if you are talking with a colleague who understands your work, you don’t need to spend a lot of time explaining basic concepts. If you are speaking to a crowd who is unfamiliar with your work, you might need to describe more.
  3. Convey the central idea first. Start your talk with the most important idea. Give your audience the main headline of what you want to say. This also helps your audience follow your line of thinking. Your most important point won’t get lost.
    • People tend to listen most closely to the first 30 seconds of a speech, so make this first part count.[2]
  4. Skip unnecessary details. Think about the details that the listener needs to know. Unless it is directly relevant, the listener probably doesn’t need to know the life history of someone in your story, or the color of a dog’s collar. Leave out these types of details.
  5. Use active descriptions. Choose meaningful words that say a lot. Stay away from passive sentence constructions, such as “There are” and “We have.” Make declarative statements that get to the point immediately. Choose ways of speaking that pack a lot of meaning in fewer words.
  6. Stay focused. Try not to get distracted when you’re speaking. Stay on topic without going off on a tangent about something not directly related to the topic at hand.
  7. Pay attention to your speech. Start listening to how long it takes you to get to the point. This will help you start figuring out where you can trim words and tendencies from your speech. Then you can work on being concise.[3]
    • Do people often ask you to repeat yourself?
    • Do you often use “What I mean is…” when speaking to clarify your points?
    • Do you use words like “um” and “uh” a lot?
  8. Practice speaking concisely. When you are confident with your speaking skills, you are more likely to speak concisely and directly. If you feel nervous or you lack confidence, your speech may start to fill with “ums” and “uhs.”
    • Try practicing in front of a trusted friend. This person can give you feedback on your speech.

EditWriting Concisely

  1. Plan out what you want to write. Wordiness or vagueness can occur when you’re unsure of what you want to say. Avoid a lack of clarity by making an outline before you write.
    • Pinpoint your main point and follow it with 3-5 supporting points.
  2. Consider your audience. Think about who will read your writing. Write appropriately so that your audience will catch your meaning.
    • For example, if you are writing something technical, consider the comprehension level of your audience. You may need to use space to explain concepts.
    • If you write a letter to the editor, keep in mind that your letter may be trimmed down anyway. Don’t let your letter’s meaning get changed because the newspaper editor cut out half of your words.
  3. Know your word limit. Most assigned written work has a word limit. This limit forces you to be concise. If you are not assigned a word limit, impose your own limit.[4] Think about an appropriate length so that your reader won’t get bored.
  4. Write in active language. Active language identifies meaning clearly and quickly in a sentence. People tend to understand active language more quickly. The active voice gives credit for action, declaring what happened.[5]
    • For example, instead of writing, “The cat was chased by a dog,” write, “The dog chased the cat.”
    • You may still need to use the passive language in the event of delicate writing. For example, in this instance, “An error was made…,” passive wording softens the meaning.[6]
  5. Make each word serve a purpose. Choose your words carefully so that each word has a specific function. If you can just as easily leave out a word or phrase without changing your meaning, do so.
  6. Use the two-line rule. The two-line rule refers to the length of your sentences. If your sentence takes up two or more lines on a sheet of paper (or typed on the computer), start looking at your phrasing to find unnecessary words. What can you cut out so that you convey the same meaning in one line?[7]
    • If you still need most of the information in the sentence, consider breaking it into two shorter sentences.

EditEditing Your Work

  1. Eliminate unnecessary and redundant words. You may use more words than necessary to explain your idea. More often than not, these words are filler, taking up valuable space in your writing. Take out redundancy and extra explanations from your writing.[8]
    • Some typical filler words are: “just,” “some,” “that,” “but,” and “and then.”
    • Rearrange phrases to the possessive form. You might use a phrase like “the leaves of the plant.” Rearrange this to the possessive form, writing “the plant’s leaves” instead. This retains the same meaning and eliminates two unnecessary words.
  2. Replace wordy phrases with precise and concise words. Take out lengthy descriptions and replace them with more accurate words. For example, Say you wrote, “It is not the case that all historical kings, queens, and princes lived in very large and very beautiful castles.” This can be shortened to: “Not all royalty lived in extravagant castles.”
    • Use a thesaurus to find a descriptive synonym for a general term.
    • Don’t go overboard with choosing descriptors. In many cases, the simpler word or phrase is best. The reader will grasp your meaning more quickly. For example, replace “utilize” with “use,” or replace “terminate” with “end.”[9]
  3. Avoid excessive use of common modifiers. Some modifiers, such as “very” and “really,” are overused to the point where they have become dull and add no extra feeling to sentences. Eliminate many of these without changing the meaning of the sentence.
  4. Print out a hard copy for editing. Go old school with your writing and work from a hard copy. It is satisfying to cross out unnecessary words with a red pen. See how much you can cut out without losing your original meaning.
  5. Read your work out loud. Take a few minutes to listen for unnecessary words. Does the writing flow naturally as you say it out loud?
    • Ask someone to listen to you reading your work. He might hear other unnecessary or redundant words that you don’t catch.

EditPracticing Concise Communication

  1. Join Toastmasters. Toastmasters is an international organization that teaches and hones public speaking and leadership skills. You are given regular speaking assignments and will perform them in front of a supportive group.[10]
  2. Record yourself speaking. Listen to your speeches and presentations to catch instances of when you say “um,” “like,” and “uh.” Once you’re aware of these phrases, you will be more likely to eliminate them from your speech.
  3. Get an editor. It may help to have someone else look at your writing. An editor can give you pointers on how to streamline your writing. This person is less attached to your writing and is more likely to suggest cuts that you might not make yourself.
  4. Work on body language. When you have confident body language, you will be more confident in your speech.[11] Confident body language include:
    • Regular eye contact
    • Holding your shoulders and back straight
    • No fidgeting
    • Smiling
    • Relaxed muscles

EditRelated wikiHows

EditSources and Citations

Cite error: <ref>

read more

How to Even Out Skin Complexion

Make Breast Milk More Nutritious Step 5.jpg

Many people have problems with their complexion. Whether it be uneven color, texture, or wrinkles, getting a smooth skin tone is easy. Making lifestyle changes, using spa products, applying the right makeup, and visiting a dermatologist or spa can all help to significantly improve your complexion.

EditSteps

EditEvening Skin Complexion with Lifestyle Changes

  1. Drink lots of water. Water is responsible for cleansing skin from the inside out and preventing wrinkles. Keeping well hydrated will keep your skin looking plump and fresh as a child’s.
    • Try to drink at least 64 ounces of fluid a day, including water. Try to make water your primary drink, substituting it for sugary drinks or alcohol.[1]
    • Avoid sodas and alcohol which can affect skin negatively. The sugar and chemicals in soda and sugary drinks causes acne and oil buildup, while drinking alcohol steals moisture from your skin and gives the appearance of premature aging.
    • Try adding cucumber or lemon slices to your water, as both have proven to have extra skin-boosting benefits and add a refreshing twist to your H2O.
  2. Apply sunscreen regularly. Sun damage is one of the top causes of an uneven skin tone, so protect yourself by using a minimum SPF15 on a daily basis.
    • Avoid tanning beds and laying out in the sun for hours whenever possible, as these are incredibly dangerous due to their carcinogenic properties.
    • Although SPF 15 is the minimum level of sun protection, to really save your skin apply at least an SPF 30.
    • Apply sunscreen on a daily basis, even if it is cloudy out. 80% of the sun’s radiation penetrates cloud cover, meaning you can still receive sun damage when it’s gray and rainy.
    • Use an SPF that has both UVA and UVB protection. UVA are the rays from the sun that cause wrinkles and age spots, while UVB rays are responsible for burning your skin.[2]
  3. Exercise regularly. Working out doesn’t just affect your size and weight, but helps to generate new skin cells which keeps your complexion even and young.
    • Heavy workouts aren’t required to get healthy looking skin. Instead, focus on just getting your blood pumping for a few minutes every day.
    • If you get dirty during your workout, be sure to wash your face afterwards to keep oil and dirt from getting trapped in your pores and causing your skin to break out.
  4. Forego junk food and eat fresh fruits and vegetables instead. The chemicals, oils, and sugar in junk food cause your skin to create more oil, which clogs your pores.
    • Instead of completely cutting junk food out of your diet, slowly incorporate more fresh food and less processed food to help your skin.
    • Some foods like blueberries and salmon, which are high in antioxidants, are great for evening out your complexion.

EditEvening Your Complexion Using Spa Products

  1. Exfoliate your skin. Dead skin cells build up over time on your skin’s surface, giving it the appearance of old age or dryness. Slough off those dead skin cells to give your skin a revitalized appearance.
    • Many brands offer a chemical exfoliator or special exfoliating brush that you can purchase at local drug and beautify supply stores for cheap.
    • Make your own exfoliator out of sugar and honey. Rub this on your face in small circles followed by a rinse with warm water to remove the dead skin buildup. If you want a softer exfoliant than sugar, mix oatmeal with honey instead.
    • Most dermatologist offices and spas offer specialized exfoliation treatments. Research to see what these offices in your area offer.
    • Look into the option of buying an electric exfoliator. These work by using a specialized moving brush (similar to an electric toothbrush) to wash you face with twice a day. They can be a bit expensive, running upwards of $100, but work wonders for keeping skin soft and pores clean.
  2. Apply a face mask. These help to reduce redness and even out the color and texture of your skin.
    • Buy a specialty face mask at a local beauty supply or drugstore. Many different types of masks are available depending on your desired results; there are ones to reduce redness, aid in age spots, get rid of acne, and smooth your skin.
    • Make a face mask out of a banana and honey for your face. Mix the two together until it forms a paste, and apply it to your face for 10 minutes and rinse with warm water.
  3. Use a face peel. Face peels are a type of mask or gel you apply to your face that use healthy acids to dissolve dead skin cells. These remove the top layer of the skin which appears dull or has discoloration or scarring.
    • Use a face peel that has salicylic acid if you have problems with acne or acne scarring.
    • Try a peel that is made with glycolic acid to help your skin if you have problems with wrinkles.
    • Always wash off your peel with warm water when the time limit, typically ten minutes, is up. This way it will keep the peel from over-exfoliating your face.
    • Avoid using a skin peel if you have problems with eczema or rosacea, as these can be worsened by the acids in the peel.[3]
  4. Get rid of dark spots with spot-remover. These are products that are used for helping to break-up the unwanted pigmentation that forms from sun damage.
    • Many spot removers work for both sun spots and age spots. If you have both, try this type of dual product.
    • Freckles are a type of sunspot, but a spot remover may not work in lightening these.
    • Try an all natural spot remover of lemon juice. Dab on the juice to your dark spots and allow it to sit for ten minutes, and then rinse. The acid in the juice helps to bleach the spots.
  5. Use moisturizer. In order to even out complexion a good moisturizer is key. There are many variations available which meet your specific skin needs – from dry to oily or wrinkled skin.
    • Find a moisturizer that includes an SPF to expedite your process of applying creams.
    • Tinted moisturizers can work to apply a bit of color in addition to making your skin soft. Make sure to find one in the right skin tone for you though, because the wrong tint can make your skin appear orange or sickly.[4]
  6. Use pure Rosehip oil on hyper-pigmentation, burns and scars. It will speed up the healing process, as well as hydrate and moisturize the area.

EditEvening Your Skin Tone with Makeup

  1. Apply a concealer. Concealer is a liquid or cream that blends with your skin to hide dark or red spots and under-eye circles. It is great for giving an even color to your skin.
    • Concealers come in either your natural skin color (a shade of brown or tan), or in colors such as yellow, green, and lavender. These colored concealers are used to neutralize redness or acne spots in your skin.
    • Always use a concealer brush, which is a small, stiff, round-edged makeup brush, to apply concealer. Using your fingertips can expose your pores to more bacteria, worsening your acne or redness.
    • Don’t rub concealer in, but rather dab it on and blend the edges with your brush.
    • Make sure your concealer isn’t too dark, as this will result in rusty orange colored spots on your face instead of sun or age spots. It is better to use a concealer that is too light rather than one that is too dark, as applying foundation over the top will help to darken the concealer.
  2. Apply foundation. Foundation is the makeup used to cover your whole face to even out your entire skin tone. Foundations come in many variations, including powders, liquids, creams, and aerosol sprays. Although any of these work, powders tend to be the longest lasting and will cover up any natural oils on your skin.
    • Always use a large foundation brush, sometimes called a kabuki brush, to apply your foundation. This is regardless of whether your foundation is a powder or liquid; the brush gives an even application and will help to blend the color. Using your fingers spreads bacteria that can make your skin worse, and will not give as even of an application.
    • Dab extra foundation over your spots of concealer to help set it. This can help to match the color and add extra coverage should you desire it.
    • Blend your foundation all the way to your neck in ensure complete coverage of your face.
  3. Add color and depth to your face. Now that you’ve evened the color of your skin tone, it will be left looking single-faceted and color. Add blush to your cheeks to supply your face with a natural looking hue.
    • Apply blush with a round brush to the apples of your cheeks. To do this, smile and dab blush onto the rounded area of your cheeks.
    • You can use either a powder or cream blush, but find one that matches your skin texture and needs the best.
    • Blushes are available in hues of pink, peach, and violet. For very fair skin, go with a pink shade. Medium and beige skin tones benefit from a peachy hue. For dark rich skin coloring, use a plum or violet blush.
  4. Add shadows to your face. Use a bronzer in the hollows under your cheekbones and a highlighter above to mimic the natural shadows that occur with the light.
    • Sweep the bronzer on starting near your hairline towards your nose, avoiding a heavy application. Be sure to blend well.
    • Use a highlighter to add light to the parts of your face that are kissed by the sun. This is typically a light, slightly metallic cream that can be applied with a brush or rolled on. Put the highlighter on your face under your eyebrows, at the corner of your inner eye, and in a “C” shape from the bottom of your cheekbones to the base of your forehead.
  5. Add a setting powder. Although setting your makeup is optional, setting powders can help your makeup to last longer and keep their natural and even coloring.[5]

EditEvening Your Skin Tone with Professional Help

  1. Get a prescription for skin-clearing medication. Visit your dermatologist and discuss your complexion problems. Based on your specific issues, your dermatologist will be able to prescribe different medications to help even your skin.[6]
    • Some medications may be taken as a pill and help control hormonal imbalances which can lead to poor skin complexion.
    • Medicated creams are available through your dermatologist to apply to your skin. These can deal with problems such as age or sun spots and acne or acne scarring.
    • Be sure to ask your doctor about possible side-effects from medication for your skin.
  2. Get a facial. Facials, from either a local spa or your dermatologist, greatly improve skin clarity and complexion over time. See what types of facials are offered in your area.
    • Facials often differ depending on your specific skin problems. Look for facials that target acne, sun damage, skin disorders, or aging depending on your needs.
    • Facials can be expensive, but it is better to pay a bit more for an esthetician you trust than to try to be cheap. They aren’t particularly dangerous, but for the best results it is worth a higher price.
  3. Get a laser treatment. These help fight age spots and wrinkles, but can only be performed by a dermatologist. Keep in mind that this might be a bit expensive and may not be covered by insurance.
    • A laser treatment works by sending short, strong pulses of light to remove layers of skin. Because of this, it is sometimes also called a laser peel.
    • Avoid getting a laser treatment if you have acne, as this could worsen the condition.
    • Recovery from a laser treatment takes up to two weeks. This is the time in which the skin will regrow and all discoloration or scabbing has disappeared.[7]
  4. Get a microdermabrasion session. This is a combination of a peel and exfoliant that helps to remove dead skin and discoloration. These are available from your dermatologist and some spas.
    • Microdermabrasion is essentially “sanding” away skin with a peel and a special brush or tool. Therefore, it works best for dark spots and dull skin.
    • Dermabrasion, similar to microdermabrasion, works primarily to remove scarring. It is only safe for people with fair skin however, as it can worsen scarring in dark skin. Only consider dermabrasion as an option if you struggle with scarring from a skin disease, significant acne, or accidents.[8]

EditVideo

EditTips

  • Never go out in the sun after applying lemon. This can cause irritation and redness.
  • Thoroughly clean makeup brushes between uses to prevent bacteria buildup.
  • Try drinking a cup of water every 30-60 mins.
  • After applying the makeup don’t forget to wash your face before going to sleep.
  • Use almond oil for a natural toner.
  • If you happen to have both a ruddy (reddish) and a sallow (yellowish)skin complexion, decide which one you would prefer to correct, as using both a mint concealer and a lavender concealer will make your skin look too mottled.

EditWarnings

  • Sometimes cosmetics can induce allergic reactions in individuals. If you are trying out a new product, be aware of your skin’s reaction as well as any changes that occur.
  • Certain skin issues can be symptoms of underlying conditions. Any new or serious skin concerns should be raised with a professional.

EditRelated wikiHows

How to Improve Your Skin Complexion

<a target="_blank" href="http://www.wikihow.com/Get-a-Clear-Complexion

read more

How to Inflate an Air Mattress

When you’re camping, having a friend over to spend the night, or just looking for a convenient place to crash, an air mattress can be your best friend. These handy mattresses can make for comfortable sleeping and usually compress to a fraction of their full size, making them highly portable and convenient. Whether you’re working with a mattress-compatible pump or simply using the tools you have handy, inflating an air mattress is a simple matter of pushing air into the mattress (and

read more

How to Treat a Blood Blister

Treat a Blood Blister Step 1 Version 3.jpg

Blood blisters are caused by skin trauma, such as forcible pinching. The result is a red, fluid-filled bump that can be very painful to the touch. While most blood blisters are not serious and will eventually go away on their own, it is important to learn how to treat a blood blister to minimize discomfort and prevent infection. There are a number of steps you can take at home in blood blister treatment to ensure the blister heals in its entirety.

EditSteps

EditTreating it Immediately after Injury

  1. Remove pressure from the blood blister. Start by eliminating any pressure and exposing the blister to the air. You want to make sure nothing rubs against it, or presses down on it. Exposing it to the air allows it to start healing naturally. If it is not under any pressure, it will stay intact and the chances of it tearing or bursting and becoming infected are lessened.[1]
  2. Apply ice to the blister if it is painful immediately after the injury. Ice packs can be applied to the area for 10 to 30 minutes at a time.[2] You can do this to reduce the pain and cool it if it is warm and throbbing. Icing the blister can be done regularly too, not just immediately after the injury.
    • Don’t place ice directly on the skin, since this can cause a cold burn. Instead, place a towel between the ice and the skin to protect the injured area.[3]
    • Gently applying Aloe Vera gel to the blood blister can ease pain and swelling.[4]
  3. Under normal circumstances, do not pop the blood blister. It may be enticing, but popping the blister could lead to infection and delay the body’s natural healing process. If the blood blister is on the foot, try not to put extended pressure on it.

EditAllowing it to Heal on Its Own

  1. Keep it exposed to the air. Most blood blisters will heal on their own over time, but keeping the area clean and dry will allow the healing process to go as quickly as possible.[5] Keeping it exposed to the air helps the healing process, but also limits the chances of infection.
  2. Reduce any friction or pressure. If your blood blister is in an area that would normally be rubbing up against something, such as your heel or toe, take precautions to limit the friction against the blister. It is more likely to tear or burst if it is subject to a lot friction, which is caused when it rubs up against another surface, such as your shoe. Using a plaster is the most straight-forward way to do this.[6]
    • You can get certain donut-shaped plasters than reduce the friction while still leaving the blister exposed so it heals more quickly.[7]
  3. Protect it with a bandage. Blisters that rub against something regularly, such as those on the feet or fingers, can be covered with a loose bandage for additional protection.[8] Bandages lower the pressure on the blister and reduce the friction, the two key things in helping a blood blister heal and lowering the chances of infection. Be sure to use a sterile dressing, and change it regularly.[9]
    • Before applying a dressing clean the blister and surrounding area.
  4. Continue your blood blister treatment until the area heals completely. If the blister is extraordinarily large, make an appointment with your doctor. These blisters do sometimes need to be drained, and it is best to do so under professional supervision to prevent infection.

EditKnowing How and When to Drain a Blood Blister

  1. Decide if it is best to drain the blood blister. Although blood blisters will heal on their own, and should be left to do this in most cases, there are times when draining them might be the best option. For example, if it is collecting a lot of blood and causing a lot of pain. Or if it is getting so big it is likely to tear anyway.[10] Think about if you really need to drain it, and err on the side of caution.
    • This is especially the case with blood blisters, which require more careful treatment than normal blisters.
    • If you do decide to drain it, you have to careful and methodological in order to limit the chances of infection.
    • Due to the risk of infection, you should never drain a blood blister if you have a condition such as HIV, heart disease or cancer.
  2. Prepare to lance the blood blister. If you have decided that you need to drain the blood blister you need to ensure you do not infect it. Wash your hands, and the area where the blister is, thoroughly with soap and water before you begin. Next sterilize a needle with rubbing alcohol. You are going to use this needle to lance the blister. (Never use a straight pin – they are less sharp than a needle, and sometimes have bur on the end.) [11]
  3. Lance and drain the blood blister. Carefully and gently puncture the edge of the blister with the needle. The fluid will begin to drain out of the hole you have made. You can apply very gentle pressure to help it on its way if necessary.[12]
  4. Clean up and dress the drained blood blister. Now apply an antiseptic (assuming you have no allergies) such as betadine, to the blister. Clean around the blister and dress it with a sterile dressing. Once you have done this you should avoid pressure or friction on the blister as much as possible. To ward off potential infection you should observe it closely and regularly change the dressing.[13]

EditTreating a Burst or Broken Blood Blister

  1. Drain it carefully. If the blister bursts or tears as a result of pressure or friction you need to act quickly to clean it up in order to prevent infection. Begin by carefully draining the fluid from the blister if it has burst.[14]
  2. Clean it and apply an antiseptic. Washing the area thoroughly should be followed by the application of an antiseptic ointment (allergies permitting), just like if you had drained the blister yourself.[15] Avoid using alcohol or iodine directly on the blister, because these substances could delay the healing process.
  3. Leave the skin intact. After draining the fluid take care to leave the extra skin intact, carefully smoothing it over the raw area of skin. This provides additional protection for the blister and facilitates the healing process. Don’t pick away at the skin around the edges of the blister.[16]
  4. Dress it with a clean bandage. Applying a clean bandage to the blister is very important in the prevention of infections. The bandage should provide sufficient pressure to avoid further blood vessel ruptures, but should not be so tight that it impedes circulation to the area. Change the bandage daily after cleaning the area. You should allow your blister around a week to heal.

EditMonitoring for Signs of Infection

  1. Watch carefully for signs of infection while caring for your blood blister. If the infection becomes severe, your doctor may prescribe oral antibiotics to treat the infection completely. It is important to clean and dress the blister well in order to lessen the chances of suffering an infection.
    • If you begin to feel generally unwell with a fever or high temperature this could be an indicator of an infection.[17]
  2. Look for increased pain, swelling or redness around the blister. Signs of an infection include redness and swelling around the site, or soreness that develops long after the blister occurs. Keep a close eye on the blister for these symptoms and take appropriate measures.[18]
  3. Look for red streaks extending from the blister. If you can see red streaks moving away from your blister this could be an indicator of a serious infection that has spread to the lymph system. Lymphangitis often occurs when the viruses and bacteria of an infected wound extend into the channels of the lymphatic system.[19]
    • Other symptoms of lymphangitis include swollen lymph nodes (glands), chills, fever, loss of appetite, and a general malaise.[20]
    • If you are experiencing these symptoms contact a doctor immediately.
  4. Look for drainage of pus and fluid from the blister. Pus discharge is another indicator of a potentially infected blood blister. Look out for yellow and green coloured pus or cloudy fluid gathering in the blister or draining out from it.[21]

EditRelated wikiHows

EditSources and Citations

Cite error: <ref> tags

read more